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The Characteristics of a Market Economy

by C Roberts

A market economy consists of economies, in which production, investment and distribution are driven by economic forces. An economic recession refers to a decrease in production, investment and consumption in the face of lower demand from customers, reduced employment and an increase in the supply of goods and services.

There are two different methods of determining the extent of a recession in a country; a statistical method which uses the historical data to determine the level of unemployment and inflation, while the other method is the real economic situation based on the prices and production of goods and services. In a market economy, the decision on which particular country will take a particular action is not motivated by its own domestic situation. Instead, the decision is based on the existing economic conditions of a country. A market economy can be divided into two basic categories; a state-owned economy and an open economy. A state-owned economy is one in which the government controls the production and distribution of resources, while an open economy is one where production, distribution and allocation are freely determined by market forces.

The economic conditions of countries vary according to the nature of the products they produce, the extent to which they have to export or import, and the level of their trade deficit or surplus. Some of the key factors that determine a country’s economic conditions are:

Economic stability can either be a result of the presence of a stable government or a lack of it. States that are run by democratic governments enjoy a certain degree of economic stability as compared to those run by autocratic regimes. Some of the leading nations in the world that are ruled by democratic regimes include United States, Canada, European Union, Japan and many others. States that are ruled by autocracies enjoy very little economic stability.

As far as the type of economy is concerned, there are three types of economies; state, private and public. A state-run economy is characterized by high rates of inflation, low levels of industrial production and unemployment, while a private economy has a stable and relatively high rate of inflation and low levels of industrial production, and employment. A public economy has no economic conditions related to ownership of property, distribution of ownership and allocation of ownership of resources.

The three basic characteristics of a market economy include the following. Production is driven by demand, consumers’ preferences and production processes. Demand is a result of a country’s income and production capacity, while production is dependent on demand and production process.

Demand for products is determined by supply, i.e. Supply depends on the demand of a product, i.e. The supply of a good is the level of production that increases or decreases to meet the demand for it. Production is determined by the production process and the availability of raw materials.

Market economies have the following characteristic. A market economy, like the market for all other products, produces goods at a cost that is below the market value and is determined by the cost of production plus fixed costs.

Products are not only produced for profit. They also provide a service to the public. In other words, a market economy produces goods and services to meet the needs and wants of the public. These requirements could be as simple as a free road service to get around town, or it could involve products that provide an improved quality of life.

The supply of goods and services is determined by the demand for them. This demand is determined by the production process, price and availability of raw materials. The price of production is determined by profit margins.

A market economy depends on competition. A market is the only way in which there can be price determination. due to the presence of different products and goods at different prices.

{T-market prices. This price determination ensures a better balance between supply and demand. This price equilibrium leads to a higher level of economic efficiency.